|Project Title:||Experimental, numerical, and analytical studies on steel-plate concrete composite shear walls|
|Research description:||The project consisted of three parts: experimental, numerical, and analytical studies. The experimental program included tests of four large-size specimens under displacement-controlled cyclic loading. The design variables considered in the testing program included wall thickness, reinforcement ratio, and slenderness ratio. The aspect ratio (height-to-length) of the four walls was 1.0. Each SC wall was installed on top of a re-usable foundation block. A bolted baseplate to RC foundation connection was used for all four walls. The test results were used to investigate the local and global behavior of SC walls. A robust finite element model was developed in LS-DYNA for nonlinear cyclic analysis of the flexure- and flexure-shear-critical SC walls. The DYNA model was validated using the results of the cyclic tests of the four SC walls. The validated and benchmarked models were then used to conduct a parametric study, which investigated the effects of wall aspect ratio, reinforcement and slenderness ratios, axial load, and concrete and steel strengths on the in-plane response of SC walls. Simplified analytical models, suitable for preliminary analysis and design of SC walls, were developed, validated, and implemented in MATLAB. Analytical models were proposed for monotonic and cyclic simulations of the in-plane response of flexure- and flexure-shear-critical SC wall piers. The model for cyclic analysis was developed by modifying the Ibarra-Krawinler Pinching (IKP) model. The analytical models were verified using the results of the parametric study and validated using the test data. This project has produced three published journal articles and five published conference papers at the time of this writing.